What Is Equity In Forex Trading?

Equity is one of the broadest terms in the financial dictionary. However, depending on the area you operate and the asset you trade, it can mean something completely different. Equity in forex is just one example we will explore today. However, we will also describe a few other types of equity for you.

Forex Trading
5 min read


Equity is a broad term in finance, and it can be several things. However, when explicitly discussing forex trading, the term equity refers to the actual value of a trader’s account that is available for trading. When referring to the value alone as a measured unit, you may hear it referred to as free margin, but we will explain it in more detail for you today.

Equity in forex trading quantifies the gap between any current positions you have open and a margin account balance. In other sectors, such as stockbroking, which we will also discuss today, it has a different definition, but equity forex trading is defined as something relatively straightforward. Regarding forex equity, this is essentially the main crux of the term, but we will discuss lesser-known terms that fall under the same umbrella.

What Is Equity Trading?

If you’re trading as a beginner, you will likely be using a small amount of capital. Therefore, any outstanding balance in your account is known as equity. You can use the equity in forex to determine how much leverage you can use for your trades. In addition, it helps you manage the risk level of your strategy.

Trading equity meaning ranges between assets, but equity in forex is one of the more straightforward definitions. You can also use equity to calculate profits and losses from any trading activity. Maintaining accurate records is just one of the several criteria to manage your risk effectively. If you know where you have made profit and loss, you can better understand the numbers for tax purposes.

What Are the Different Types of Equity in Forex Trading?

Now that you have grasped the essentials of what equity means, we will give you examples of the various types of equity in forex that exist in the forex market. It can be a broad spectrum. It includes:

  • Margin equity is the amount of capital a trade has borrowed from the brokerage to purchase securities. This incurs a debt. It works similarly to any other type of borrowing and usually involves interest repayments, another debt to factor in.
  • Free margin – this is more straightforward. This means the amount of capital available to spend and is capital that isn’t tied up in other investments.
  • Usable margin – equity that is not being used to maintain any open positions. This figure is the aggregate margin used for all of your active trades.

Ultimately, your risk appetite is essential when determining how much leverage you have and how much capital you want to remain in equity. Understanding the different types of equity in forex trading can help traders better manage their risk and maximize their potential profits.

How Equity Affects Your Margin Account and Leverage Trading

Equity is a crucial component in leverage trading and margin accounts. Equity affects your ability to open a margin account. Including how much leverage you can have in your trading and whether you may receive a margin call. Professional traders will have a strong knowledge of all three topics and will factor in how they interact with each other.

If the equity in your forex account drops beneath a specific range, you may receive a margin call from your broker. If this happens, you need to decide whether to finalise the position or add more capital to honour the agreement so it can play out further. You can also deal with greater leverage if your margin account contains more significant capital. 

Retail traders will generally start with a smaller amount of initial capital. Therefore, if you fall into this category, your margin account may have a different leverage range than a more seasoned or considerable trader with serious capital.

Knowing how equity affects these three aspects of leveraged trading will help ensure you can make informed decisions about your trades and manage your risk appropriately.

Leveraged instruments can be challenging to understand if you’re just beginning to trade forex. We have further insights regarding other trading methods if you are interested. However, it might be best to stick to more basic techniques at the beginning. This is so you can learn how the market works before dealing with a specialist product.

However, your capital is always at risk. Regardless of whether you are trading using more complicated financial methods or a more standard approach. Even a seasoned professional trader can lose money in a trade. This is because the markets are unpredictable. Just because it has behaved one way in the past doesn’t mean it will repeat that pattern.

What Does Equity Mean In Stocks?

More often than not, trade in equity refers to stocks, although equity in forex is still a well-known term. Equity in stocks refers to the ownership of a company’s assets and profits. When you purchase stocks, you buy a company share and a seat at the table for shareholder meetings.

Depending on the type of asset, trade equity meaning can differ wildly. Stock equity works differently from equity in forex, and both assets can offer great returns if you know what to look for and how to trade. 

For instance, if you have a claim on the company’s assets and profits, this is usually honoured via dividends when the stock is sold. In stocks, equity is the total company value (shares and assets) subtracted from the company debt.

If a serious amount of stock is liquidated quickly, it can spell panic for shareholders. The knock-on effect can cause the price to drop sharply. This has been the case over the last six months for Tesla, for instance. Equity in forex works differently as you hold currency in a trading account. Equity in stocks derives its worth from the underlying value of the company.

What Does Position Equity Mean?

An equity position in stocks means when a third-party investor places capital into a company in exchange for stock. It is a tried and tested investment method and offers flexibility for the initial investor further down the line. Some companies will also provide stocks with value as equity as partial salary payments. Therefore, the equity position will vary depending on the quality and performance of the stock.

These agreements are often referred to as salary stock options, and many of the biggest corporations in America offer this for their skilled employees. However, regarding equity in forex, position equity means your financial position in the market. It also factors in your capital exposure when you calculate your open positions with liquid funds.

Weighing up your risk appetite is an integral part of trading. It refers to the figures you use to trade and it also incorporates your strategy. You can implement a number of techniques that will help you manage your risk, such as dollar cost averaging.

Trading On Equity Meaning

Trading on the equity of a business is a strategy that focuses on maximising shareholder profit. A corporation will often use the considerable financial muscle at its disposal to alleviate creditors’ debts and strengthen its overall financial position. This is a standard method corporations use to bolster balance sheets and inject confidence into the company.


As you can see by the information we have discussed today, “what is equity trade?” is a simple question with a detailed and varying answer. Equity trading, meaning one thing in stocks and another in forex, can be tricky if you deal with these terms daily. 

A handy way to remember equity in forex is that, more often than not, it describes the available capital you have to invest. All the other definitions we have touched on are specific terms you will only come across if you come into contact with these instruments in a day-to-day role.

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